According to data released by the Indian Ministry of Shipping, the 12 major ports under its control handled a record 647.43 million tonnes of cargo in 2016-17, representing an annual growth rate of 6.79%. This means these state-owned ports have outperformed their private port counterparts for the second consecutive year, with private ports registering a traffic growth rate of 4% over the last financial year.
The leading port for the year was Kandla, which handled 105.44 million tonnes of cargo, 5.39% up over the previous year. This was followed by Paradip, with 88.95 million tonnes, an impressive growth rate of 16.45%, while Mumbai holds the third position with 63.05 million tonnes of cargo handled and growth rate of 3.17%.
The JNPT, the country’s main container gateway, recorded its highest ever container throughput of 4.5 million teu during 2016-17. The port authority owned terminal, JNPCT, achieved its highest ever volume of 1.53 million teu during the year, registering a growth rate of 7.33%.
The major ports also recorded their highest ever capacity addition, of 100.37 million tonnes, during 2016-17, while efficiency indicators suggest productivity is improving steadily. During 2016-17, average turnaround time came down to 3.44 days as against 3.64 days during last year.